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Susanne Zeilinger

Susanne Zeilinger

University of Innsbruck, Austria

Title: From genes to biocontrol: Unraveling the molecular mechanisms of mycoparasitic fungus-fungus interactions

Biography

Biography: Susanne Zeilinger

Abstract

Mycoparasitic species of the fungal genus Trichoderma are among the most successful bio-fungicides in today’s agriculture although our understanding of the exact molecular mechanisms of their activity still is fragmentary. The biological control of fungal plant diseases by Trichoderma includes direct antagonism of phytopathogenic fungi by mycoparasitism. This mycoparasitic attack comprises sensing of the prey and chemotropic growth towards it followed by overgrowing and killing of the prey fungus. Genome sequence analysis of Trichoderma mycoparasites showed an abundance of cell wall lytic enzymes such as chitinases and glucanases essential for prey lysis and degradation and an assortment of genes involved in the formation of secondary metabolites for chemical warfare. The signals activating the mycoparasitic response include surface molecules and surface properties and may also include prey-derived secondary metabolites and other small substances exchanged between the interaction partners. Investigations of Trichoderma atroviride will be presented showing that this potent mycoparasite relies on G protein and MAP kinase signaling for triggering of the mycoparasitic response. Results on the role of the Gpr1 7-transmembrane receptor in the recognition of prey-derived signals will be shown as well as data on transcriptome profiling of gpr1-mutants and mutants interrupted in Tmk1 MAP kinase signaling.